They had 13 children together: Phebe Jane Vanderbilt (1814–1878) Ethelinda Vanderbilt (1817–1889) Eliza Vanderbilt (1819–1890) William Henry "Billy" Vanderbilt (1821–1885) Emily Almira Vanderbilt (1823–1896) Sophia Johnson Vanderbilt (1825–1912) Maria Louisa Vanderbilt (1827–1896) Frances Lavinia Vanderbilt (1828–1868) Cornelius Jeremiah Vanderbilt (1830–1882) George Washington Vanderbilt I (1832–1836) Mary Alicia Vanderbilt (1834–1902) Catherine Juliette Vanderbilt (1836–1881) George Washington Vanderbilt II (1839–1864)[12]:9–27 In addition to running his ferry, Vanderbilt bought his brother-in-law John De Forest's schooner Charlotte and traded in food and merchandise in partnership with his father and others. (It is worth noting that though trivial in comparison to the $90 million+ inherited by William Henry Vanderbilt and his sons, the bequests to his other children made them very wealthy by the standards of 1877 and were not subject to inheritance tax. He also went to Washington, D.C., to hire Daniel Webster to argue the case before the Supreme Court. His wife received US$500,000, their New York City home, and 2,000 shares of common stock in New York Central Railroad. While he was away, White conspired with Charles Morgan, Vanderbilt's erstwhile ally, to betray him, and deny him money he was owed by the Accessory Transit Company. Vanderbilt took control of the company just before these developments were announced. Vanderbilt is also heavily associated with the standardization of gauges and the use of steel in rails. First he took over Gibbons' ferry to New Jersey, then switched to western Long Island Sound. All relationship and family history information shown on FameChain has been compiled from data in the public domain. In 1831, he took over his brother Jacob's line to Peekskill, New York, on the lower Hudson River. He acquired the New York and Harlem Railroad in 1862-63, the Hudson River Railroad in 1864, and the New York Central Railroad in 1867. Following his wife's death in 1868, Vanderbilt went to Canada where, on August 21, 1869, he married a cousin from Mobile, Alabama, named Frank Armstrong Crawford. Also on the train was former president John Quincy Adams. He bought control of the Hudson River Railroad in 1864, the New York Central Railroad in 1867, and the Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Railway in 1869. he also was a mean drug dealer, and a male hooker. But on November 24, 1817, a ferry entrepreneur named Thomas Gibbons asked Vanderbilt to captain his steamboat between New Jersey and New York. To his younger surviving son, Cornelius Jeremiah Vanderbilt, whom he regarded as a wastrel, he left the income from a $200,000 trust fund. When the Confederate ironclad Virginia (popularly known in the North as the Merrimack) wrought havoc with the Union blockading squadron at Hampton Roads, Virginia, Secretary of War Edwin Stanton and President Abraham Lincoln called on Vanderbilt for help. In 1818, he turned his attention to steamships. The Dutch "van der" (of the) was eventually added to Aertson's village name to create "van der bilt", which was eventually condensed to Vanderbilt. In the 1840s, he launched a campaign to take over the most attractive of these lines, the New York, Providence and Boston Railroad, popularly known as the Stonington. Her cousin's husband, Holland Nimmons McTyeire, convinced Vanderbilt to endow what would become Vanderbilt University, named in his honor. Many of the migrants to California, and almost all of the gold returning to the East Coast, went by steamship to Panama, where mule trains and canoes provided transportation across the isthmus. It was the first of the many railroads he would head. They moved into a boarding house on Broad Street in Manhattan. Vanderbilt was very accustomed to getting what he wanted, but it seems that he met his match in Jay Gould. In October 1871, Vanderbilt struck up a partnership with the New York and New Haven Railroad to join with the railroads he owned to consolidate operations at one terminal at East 42nd Street called Grand Central Depot, which was the original Grand Central Terminal, where his statue reigns today. But he proved himself a good businessman, and eventually became the head of the Staten Island Railway. Cornelius Vanderbilt was buried in the family vault in the Moravian Cemetery at New Dorp on Staten Island. The station was not replaced until 1903-13. Livingston and Fulton offered Vanderbilt a lucrative job piloting their steamboat, but Vanderbilt rejected the offer. [24] His family (see below) has done much the same. Jay Gould then started the American Telegraph Company and nearly forced Western Union out of business. It had a key advantage: it was the only steam railroad to enter the center of Manhattan, running down 4th Avenue (later Park Avenue) to a station on 26th Street, where it connected with a horse-drawn streetcar line. Though both Livingston and Fulton had died by the time Vanderbilt started working for Gibbons, the monopoly was held by Livingston's heirs. Set to be the next Supreme Court Judge. The Dutch van der ("of the") was eventually added to Aertson's village name to create "van der Bilt" ("of De Bilt"). NEW YORK. Brother of Mary Polly Vanderbilt; Charlotte Egbert; Phoebe Laura Vanderbilt; Jacob Hand Vanderbilt and Eleanor Vanderbilt, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cornelius_Vanderbilt. Vanderbilt eventually drove the Collins Line into extinction. In 1863, Vanderbilt took control of the Harlem in a famous stockmarket corner, and was elected its president. ... being honorable, shrewd, and hard-working. He willed amounts ranging from $250,000 (approximate $4,950,000 in 2008 USD) to $500,000 ($9,920,000 in 2008 USD) to each of his eight daughters. On December 19, 1813, Cornelius Vanderbilt married his cousin and neighbor, Sophia Johnson (1795-1868), daughter of his aunt Elizabeth Hand Johnson. Edmund Randolph, a close friend of Walker, coerced the Accessory Transit's San Francisco agent, Cornelius K. Garrison, into opposing Vanderbilt. Cornelius Vanderbilt (May 27, 1794 – January 4, 1877), also known by the sobriquet Commodore,[1] was an American entrepreneur who built his wealth in shipping and railroads and was the patriarch of the Vanderbilt family. Should you have information that conflicts with anything shown please make us aware by email. By contrast, Vanderbilt befriended his other foes after their fights ended, including Drew and Cornelius Garrison. Secretary of the Navy Gideon Welles refused it, thinking its operation and maintenance too expensive for what he expected to be a short war. He later bought the Canada Southern as well. This time he succeeded in donating the Vanderbilt to the Union navy, equipping it with a ram and staffing it with handpicked officers. Working for Gibbons, Vanderbilt learned to operate a large and complicated business. Dr. Jared Linsly testifying as to the mental and physical condition of Cornelius Vanderbilt, during court proceedings surrounding the challenge to his will. Around this time Vanderbilt tried to gain control of the Erie Railroad, which brought him into direct conflict with Jay Gould, who was then in control of the Erie. The family tree listed here should not be considered exhaustive or authoritative. Railroad empire Though Vanderbilt had relinquished his presidency of the Stonington Railroad during the California gold rush, he took an interest in several railroads during the 1850s, serving on the boards of directors of the Erie Railway, the Central Railroad of New Jersey, the Hartford and New Haven, and the New York and Harlem (popularly known as the Harlem). In 1831, he took over his brother Jacob's line to Peekskill, New York, on the lower Hudson River. That same year, the military adventurer, William Walker, took control of Nicaragua. Three of his daughters and son, Cornelius Jeremiah Vanderbilt, contested the will on the grounds that their father had was of unsound mind and under the influence of his son William Henry and of spiritualists he consulted on a regular basis. Though the Commodore had once scorned him, he was impressed by William's success, and eventually made him operational manager of all his railroad lines. But he proved himself a good businessman, and eventually became the head of the Staten Island Railway. By 1873, he had extended the lines to Chicago, Illinois. Right here at FameChain. Immediate Family: Son of Jacobus Aertse Vanderbilt, II and Mary Vanderbilt. The Commodore had lived in relative modesty considering his nearly unlimited means, splurging only on race horses, leaving his descendants to build the Vanderbilt houses that characterize America's Gilded Age. Is this your ancestor? But Gould bribed the legislature to legalize the new stock. [12], In 1852, a dispute with Joseph L. White, a partner in the Accessory Transit Company, led to a battle in which Vanderbilt forced the company to buy his ships for an inflated price. So he negotiated with Costa Rica, which (along with the other Central American republics) had declared war on Walker. However, according to the version of the first published account of his life, published in the magazine Scientific American in 1853, the periauger belonged to his father and he received half the profit. At the age of 16 Vanderbilt decided to start his own ferry service. Her cousin's husband, Holland McTyeire, convinced Vanderbilt to endow what would become Vanderbilt University, named in his honor. From Manhattan it ran up to Chatham Four Corners, New York, where it had a connection to the railroads running east and west. It helped bottle up the Virginia, after which Vanderbilt converted it into a cruiser to hunt for the Confederate commerce raider Alabama, captained by Raphael Semmes. In 1870, he consolidated two of his key lines into the New York Central and Hudson River Railroad, one of the first giant corporations in American history, In 1869, he directed the Harlem to begin construction of the Grand Central Depot on 42nd Street in Manhattan. Vanderbilt sent a man to Costa Rica who led a raid that captured the steamboats on the San Juan River, cutting Walker off from his reinforcements from the United States. Cornelius Vanderbilt was buried in the family vault in the Moravian Cemetery at New Dorp on Staten Island. Both boys were born … Cornelius Vanderbilt Holmes (1887 - 1963) Cornelius Vanderbilt… Find out about Cornelius Vanderbilt & Sophia Vanderbilt Married, children, joint family tree & history, ancestors and ancestry. Vanderbilt eventually drove the Collins Line into extinction. It was in the 1830s when he was first referred to as "commodore," then the highest rank in the United States Navy. At the end of the year, the monopoly paid him a large amount to stop competing, and he switched his operations to Long Island Sound. In 1870, he consolidated two of his key lines into the New York Central and Hudson River Railroad, one of the first giant corporations in American history. 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